Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by redness, flushing, small red bumps, and broken blood vessels. It is usually seen in adults with light hair and fair skin. It can be aggravated by alcohol, spicy foods, caffeine, temperature extremes, wind, stress, strenuous exercise and sun exposure. While not life threatening, rosacea can have a negative impact on self-image and many rosacea sufferers avoid social interactions.
Treatments include topical antibiotics such and metronidazole, topical azelaic acid, or oral antibiotics (tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline), which can help to reduce papules, pustules, and mildly improve redness. Oral antibiotics are necessary to relieve symptoms of ocular rosacea. Redness in the skin is the most difficult aspect to treat. While topical treatments provide some improvement, laser treatments are the most efficacious. Most patients notice improvement with one treatment, but a series of treatments is often necessary, as well as periodic maintenance treatments.